Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to a number of relevant sorts of garments originating within the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but at times also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Extra generally, pajamas might consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 from the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans through East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th hundreds of years, as well as the British influence on the wider Western globe throughout the Victorian era. Pajamas had been released to England as "lounging apparel" as early since the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they quickly fell from fashion. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % of your nineteenth century. They didn't become a style in Britain and the Western environment as sleeping apparel for men until finally the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by a variety of individuals in India e.g. by Ladies of various lessons, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit similar to a very good several others within the Portuguese. As a result Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Medical muske pidzame center: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently Employed in London stores. A friend furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty several years ago, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it can be due to the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of comfortable fabric, for example flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket element commonly features a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs. Many people prefer to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either by using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For this reason, pajama trousers for guys and boys tend muske pidzame to be marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these conventional pajamas in many cases are known as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas function a fall seat (also known as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, intended to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas designed before the nineteen fifties, but while in the early 20-initial century These are rather unusual.
Contemporary pajamas are derived from standard pajamas. There are several variations in design for instance short sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, a single-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many materials. Chiefly inside the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Typically worn by young children, these clothes normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and can also be footed.
Despite the fact that pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes such as nightgowns, within the US, they've often provided the latter for a top. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very form of small costume major over shorts or short pants.
Pajamas may these days consult with Females's mixture daywear, particularly in the US the place they grew to become common while in the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.